Giulio Bolacchi - Sito ufficiale - Estratti brevi: On social sciences and science Archives

  • On “social sciences” and science (estratto 7)

    Con Staff su 23 Giugno 2014
    0

    «The languages of neuroscience and behaviorism are characterized by completely different semantic interpretations, although they use the same syntactic structures founded on functions. It follows that, because of the lack of semantic homogeneity between the two disjoint languages, no functional relation can be given, by definition, between neuroscience and behaviorism.» (G. Bolacchi, On “social sciences” and science, p. 477)

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  • On “social sciences” and science (estratto 6)

    Con Staff su 23 Giugno 2014
    0

    «Likewise, in economics the set of cognitive variables (upon which the explanation of choice is based) and the set of behavioral variables are mixed up, leading to a duplication of concepts and preventing translation of all the economic predicates into strictly behavioral predicates, which could have important repercussions on economic analysis as a whole and on so-called experimental economics. Moreover,

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  • On “social sciences” and science (estratto 5)

    Con Staff su 23 Giugno 2014
    0

    «A particular violation of semantic homogeneity criterion occurs in the field of psychology when behavioral variables and inner variables (expressing cognitive-type or, more specifically, emotional-type states) are related by pseudo-functions. The introduction of so-called intervening variables and hypothetical constructs, despite MacCorquodale’s and Meehl’s (1948) efforts, paves the way for a sort of anomalous functions (pseudo-functions) that do not conform to

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  • On “social sciences” and science (estratto 4)

    Con Staff su 23 Giugno 2014
    0

    «Controlled experiment entails a real methodological revolution (a revolution in the research methods) compared to the Aristotelian pre-scientific idea that still persists as a philosophical view of science and is seriously detrimental to the development of an actual social science. This revolution is founded on the rise of the Galilean and Newtonian concept of a closed or isolated system.» (G.

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  • On “social sciences” and science (estratto 3)

    Con Staff su 23 Giugno 2014
    0

    «The history of scientific thought (and the Galilean revolution) shows us that “a shift in attitude that allows us to be more flexible” is by no means sufficient to construct, to widen, and to deepen the language of science, and even more the language of the social science. It is necessary to break the science away from the common sense;

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  • On “social sciences” and science (estratto 2)

    Con Staff su 23 Giugno 2014
    0

    «Two kinds of histories of science therefore exist: (a) socio-psychological history concerning all the research methods, in whatever manner carried out, and the socio-psychological conditionings to which the researchers have been subjected in the social context where they worked; and (b) history, purified from socio-psychological connotations, concerning the research methods conforming to the constraints and to the cumulative results of

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  • On “social sciences” and science (estratto 1)

    Con Staff su 23 Giugno 2014
    0

    «In short, research about man and society has to be redefined by overcoming the obstacles and the presuppositions of philosophical ideology and common sense. The so-called world of spirit (mind), which prevents us from building an experimentally based explanatory language of man univocally defined and implies in principle a multiplicity of often mutually contradictory perspectives, must be replaced by the

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