G. Bolacchi, Un'autonomia in regime di dipendenza, in: P. Savona (a cura di), Per un'altra Sardegna, Franco Angeli, Milano, 1984

«The situation in Sardinia from 1944 (establishment of the regional constituency) to 1949 (election of the first regional council) is a historical example of how political élites behave in the management of power and a historical example of the disconnect between the political class that holds power and the remaining part of the community that engages in a pure political behavior of acceptance, delegation, and legitimation with respect to the power élite. […] The ruling classes of the time, particularly the political class participating in the regional constituency, were in the best possible conditions to exert a pedagogical and leading role apropos of the historical idea of autonomy. It could have allowed the Sardinian people (negatively conditioned by centuries of subjugation) to acquire a real autonomist awareness, namely to establish the principle of autonomy, in its historical dimension, as the founding principle of all political action in Sardinia. Two factors prevented the political class from realizing this leading role: ideology and dependence.»

«The state-region relation was conceived in asymmetrical terms, as pure and simple dependence. The relation prefigured, on the one hand, accepting a subsuming and all-encompassing state; on the other hand, granting an administrative and political space completely irrelevant to the state and the relation with the state. It was an unequal exchange, which placed the region in a situation of marked inferiority. Given the institutional conditions that characterized this situation, the latter was bound to a dialectic relation carried out only through more or less resolute forms of financial claims thrust.» IT

(Un’autonomia in regime di dipendenza [Autonomy under a dependence regime], pp. 20, 29)
Giulio Bolacchi


Un’autonomia in regime di dipendenza
[Autonomy under a dependence regime]

Published in
Paolo Savona (ed.), Per un’altra Sardegna (pp. 19-49)

Franco Angeli, Milano

  1. La negazione dell’idea storica di autonomia dopo il fascismo.
    [The denial of the historical idea of autonomy after fascism]
  2. Le grandi ideologie nazionali in Sardegna dopo il fascismo.
    [The overarching national ideologies in Sardinia after fascism]
  3. I limiti culturali e politici del sardismo.
    [Cultural and political limits of Sardism (Sardinian nationalism)]
  4. Dipendenza e cooptazione nel ruolo del Psd’Az.
    [Dependence and co-optation in the role of the PSd’Az (Sardinian Action Party)]
  5. Dipendenza politica e autonomia in regime di dipendenza.
    [Political dependence and autonomy under a dependence regime]
  6. Rivendicazione e potere deviante nella gestione politica in Sardegna.
    [Claims and deviant power in Sardinian politics]
  7. La cultura sarda.
    [The Sardinian culture]
  8. La classe dominante sarda.
    [The ruling Sardinian élite]
  9. L’arretratezza sociale sarda.
    [The Sardinian social backwardness]
  10. L’inesistenza di una classe borghese in Sardegna e il distacco tra élite rivoluzionaria e società sarda.
    [The absence of a bourgeois class in Sardinia and the gap between revolutionary élites and Sardinian society]
  11. Il «moto de su connottu» e l’incapacità dei sardi a porsi come classe sociale.
    [The “moto de su connottu” (an uprising to return to what was known, to restore the old system) and the inability of the Sardinians to introduce themselves as a social class]
  12. Dalla dipendenza feudale alla dipendenza di mercato.
    [From feudal to market dependence]
  13. L’impresa pastorale nell’equilibrio di povertà.
    [The shepherding activity in an equilibrium of poverty]
  14. Cultura pastorale, élite feudale ed élite rivoluzionaria.
    [The shepherd culture, the feudal élite and the revolutionary élite]
  15. La fine dell’autonomia senza dipendenza.
    [The end of the idea of dependency-free autonomy]