G. Bolacchi, Il concetto di organizzazione secondo il paradigma scientifico, in: U. Colombo, G. Lanzavecchia (a cura di ), Dalla tribù alla conquista dell'universo, Scheiwiller, Milano, 2000

«Organizational issues developed, especially in the second half of the twentieth century, in a sort of free-for-all manner, according to a common-sense perspective far from the methodological rigor of scientific analysis. The methodological confusion is still widespread and puts a large part of social disciplines in a state of serious backwardness with respect to the natural sciences. Natural scientists refer to this backwardness to underline the superiority of their studies, and philosophers do the same to persist in imposing intuition as the only method for knowing man, against the Galilean experimental perspective.»

«Scholars of social disciplines do not always realize the weakness of their analyses, barely protected by statistical methods applied without any leading theoretical hypotheses about the social context. Moreover, many social researchers take every opportunity to oppose, with inconsistent arguments, the scientific analysis of behavior. They consider as an oversimplification, rather than a milestone in knowledge, the precise definition of the research field which allows behaviorism to construct, on experimental grounds, an intersubjective and syntactically consistent explicative language, based on a set of relations (functions) between terms with a univocal meaning (unlike the common-language terms, whose domain of application is indeterminate and vague).»

«The prejudices deriving from the human-nature dualism play a primary role in orienting scholars towards contrasting particularistic schemata rather than a general and unitary schema. Furthermore, when analyses are particularistic and specific as in the field of organizational studies, the risk exists of confusing the organization’s theoretical (explicative) facet with its economic facet or its political facet (necessarily grounded on judgment paradigms).» IT

(Il concetto di organizzazione secondo il paradigma scientifico [The concept of organization in the scientific paradigm], pp. 273, 283, 288-289)
Giulio Bolacchi


Il concetto di organizzazione secondo il paradigma scientifico
[The concept of organization in the scientific paradigm]

Published in
U. Colombo, G. Lanzavecchia (a cura di), Dalla tribù alla conquista dell’universo. Scienza, tecnologia e società (pp. 273-289)

Libri Scheiwiller, Milano


1. Premessa metodologica [Methodological premises]

2. L’analisi scientifica del comportamento e l’esplicazione del concetto di organizzazione [The scientific analysis of behavior and the explication of the concept of organization]

3. Alcune osservazioni critiche sugli studi organizzativi [Some critical remarks on organizational studies]

Conclusioni [Conclusion]

Howard E. Aldrich, Organizations evolving, Sage Pubblications, London, 1999

Robert Axelrod, Giochi di reciprocità, Feltrinelli, Milano, 1985

Giulio Bolacchi, Il problema del metodo nella sociologia. Critica di alcune prospettive metafisiche, in Studi di Economia, 1972, vol. III, n. 5

Giulio Bolacchi, Concorrenza, collettivismo e pianificazione, in Studi di Economia, 1974, vol. V, n. 3

Giulio Bolacchi, Le scatole vuote della sociologia, in J. Jacobelli (a cura di), Dove va la sociologia italiana? Laterza, Bari, 1988

Giulio Bolacchi, Il sequestro come fatto sociale, Dattena, Cagliari, 1998

Giuseppe Bonazzi, Storia del pensiero organizzativo, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 1998

Gibson Burrell, Gareth Morgan, Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis, Heinemann Educational Books, Portsmouth, 1979

Edward Gross, Amitai Etzioni, Organizzazioni e società, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1996

Richard J. Herrnstein, Will, in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1964, vol. CVIII

Richard J. Herrnstein, On the Law of Effect, in Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1970, 13

Thomas A. Kochan, Michael Useem (eds.), Transforming Organizations, Oxford University Press, New York, 1992

James G. March, Herbert A. Simon, Teoria dell’organizzazione, Edizioni di Comunità, Milano, 1966

Henry Mintzberg, La progettazione dell’organizzazione aziendale, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1996

Gareth Morgan, Images, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 1998

Raoul C.D. Nacamulli, Andrea Rugiadini (a cura di), Organizzazione e mercato, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1985

Mancur Olson, La logica dell’azione collettiva, Feltrinelli, Milano, 1983

Charles Perrow, Le organizzazioni complesse, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 1988

Howard Rachlin, Behavior and Mind. The Roots of Modern Psychology, Oxford University Press, New York, 1994

Richard W. Scott, Le organizzazioni, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1994

Burrhus F. Skinner, Oltre la libertà e la dignità, A. Mondadori, Milano, 1973

Burrhus F. Skinner, La scienza del comportamento ovvero il Behaviorismo, SugarCo, Milano, 1976

Burrhus F. Skinner, Scienza e comportamento, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 1978

Burrhus F. Skinner, Selection by Consequences, in Science, 1981, vol. 213

Alan Sokal, Jean Bricmont, Imposture intellettuali, Garzanti, Milano, 1999

John E.R. Staddon, Behaviorism. Mind, Mechanism and Society, Duckworth, London, 1993