G. Bolacchi, Osservazioni sul concetto di "Borghesia", "Rassegna di Diritto Pubblico", I, pp. 3-52, 1958

«The concept of bourgeoisie is one of the unclearer and most equivocal in political literature over the last 150 years and the one that sparked many ideas and interests and aroused heated controversy.»

«The disputes about the bourgeoisie have not yet subsided, and many concerns at the root of the old anti-bourgeois polemics are still alive and viable on a strictly political level. This fact undoubtedly demonstrates that, beyond the mere linguistic significations, there is a social phenomenon that has not yet ceased its prominent role as one of the main components of the contemporary world. […]

One cannot fully comprehend the path of formation and development of the bourgeois class if one does not consider it in the light of its present history, considering the modern age events as a whole and the profound transformations related to it. It also seems indubitable that for characterizing the bourgeois class in complete and precise terms, one cannot ignore the controversies originated and nourished by the rise and progressive affirmation of the bourgeoisie. The quintessential among the controversies is the one by the legitimist authors of the French Restoration, on which Capurso focused. We take his work as a basis, underlining on each occasion the crucial and most stimulating developments in this brief and concise investigation of the meaning and denotation of the term “bourgeois” from a sociological and historical standpoint.» IT

(Osservazioni sul concetto di “borghesia” [On the concept of “bourgeoisie”], pp. 4, 3-4)
Giulio Bolacchi


Osservazioni sul concetto di «Borghesia»
[On the concept of “Bourgeoisie”]

Published in
Rassegna di Diritto Pubblico, fasciolo I

Casa Editrice Dott. Eugenio Jovene, Napoli

  1. Premessa
  2. La borghesia nelle valutazioni dell’abate Sieyes
    [The bourgeoisie in the evaluations of Abbot Sieyes]
  3. La Rivoluzione dell’89
    [The Revolution of 1789]
  4. La polemica antiborghese degli scrittori legittimisti
    [The anti-bourgeois controversy of Legitimist authors]
  5. Significati e denotazioni del termine «borghese»
    [Meanings and denotations of the term “bourgeois”]
  6. La storiografia dei legittimisti
    [The Legitimists’ historiography]
  7. La borghesia e gli ideali rivoluzionari
    [Bourgeoisie and the revolutionary ideals]
  8. Le indagini sociologiche sull’azione sociale e le teorie sull’interesse di R. B. Perry
    [Perry’s sociological investigations into social action and theories of interest]
  9. La Rivoluzione dell’89 e la prospettiva di Toynbee
    [The Revolution of 1789 and Toynbee’s perspective]
  10. La borghesia come classe sociale
    [The bourgeoisie as a social class]
  11. La classe borghese e il proletariato moderno
    [The bourgeois class and the modern proletariat]
  12. La critica di Croce alla nozione di «borghesia»
    [Croce’s criticism of the notion of “bourgeoisie”]
  13. La caratterizzazione formale del comportamento umano in termini di interesse
    [The formal characterization of human behavior in terms of interest]
  14. L’interesse come stato di tensione o disposizione a rispondere
    [Interest as state of tension or disposition to respond]
  15. La comunità, la mutualità o interrelazione e la intermediazione degli interessi
    [Community, mutuality or interrelation, and intermediation of interests]
  16. La nozione di «classe sociale»
    [The concept of “social class”]
  17. Gli equivoci connessi al concetto di «borghesia»
    [Misconceptions on the concept of “bourgeoisie”]
  18. Gli interessi e i valori borghesi
    [Bourgeois interests and values]

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La Mennais R., A. M. le maquis de Coriolis, r décembre 1927. Correspondance. CEuvres Posthumes, Paris, 1865, t. I

Mac Iver R.M., Social Causation, Boston, 1942

Martindale D., Monachesi E.D., Elements of Sociology, New York, 1951

Morris C., Segni, linguaggio e comportamento, Milano, 1949

Mousnier R., Larousse E., Bouloiseau M., Le XVIIIe Siècle – Révolutionintellectuelle, technique et politique (1715-1815), in Histoire Générale des Civilisations, t. V, Paris, 1955

Parsons T., The Structure of Social Action, Glencoe, Ill., 1949

Perry R.B., General Theory of Value, Cambridge, Mass., 1954

Perry R.B., Realms of Value – A critique of human civilization, Cambridge, Mass., 1954

Köpke W., Civitas Humana, Milano, 1947

Russell B., I principi della matematica, Milano, 1951

Sabine G.H., Storia delle dottrine politiche, Milano, 1955

Schumpeter J.A., Capitalismo, socialismo e democrazia, Milano, 1955

Sieyes E.J., Qu’est-ce que le Tiers-Etat?, Paris, 1888

Sombart W., Der Bourfeois – Zur Geistesgeschichte des modernen Wirtschaftsmenschen, München, 1920

Toynbee A.J., Le civlità nella storia – Compendio di D.C. Somervell, Torino, 1950

Weber M., Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, Grundriss del Verstehenden Soziologie, voll. I-II. Tübingen, 1956

Zaniecki F., Cultural Sciences – Their origin and development, Urbana, Ill., 1952